Machinery Equipment-Construction


Smart Elevator: Elevating the Passenger Experience to New Height

Author : Priyanka | January 10, 2024

We generally use elevators to go up or down, and at times, it can be frustrating to wait for extended periods. Have you ever imagined an elevator that efficiently takes you to the floor you want? Smart elevators are a technological advancement that not only offers swift and reliable transportation but also optimizes elevator operations and enhances the passenger experience.

Having said that, let’s delve into the world of this smart system while understanding exactly how it works.

What is a Smart Elevator?

A smart elevator, or smart lift, is an elevator that employs advanced technologies to travel between floors. These elevators are equipped with various sensors, algorithms, and interconnected devices that improve the functionality and performance of the elevator. These elevators are often found in tall buildings with high traffic or a significant number of passengers.

According to a recent report by Kings Research, the global smart elevator market is likely to attain a revenue of $38.04 billion by 2030, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 8.40% from 2023 to 2030.

How Does a Smart Elevator Work?

Smart elevators are designed to travel from one floor to another, simply like normal lifts, but the difference lies in their functionality. Normally, we press the button to go up or down, but in smart lifts, passengers first need to select the desired floor number. Then they will be directed to an elevator that can take them to the desired floor with as few stops as possible. Nowadays, smart building elevators are utilized to improve security measures. These elevators are specifically designed for modern buildings, providing enhanced safety features.

Understanding the Key Components of Smart Elevator

These systems use various components to enhance safety, efficiency, and user experience. Below are some key components used in smart lifts:

  • Destination Dispatch System

Smart lifts often utilize a destination dispatch system, which is a technology that optimizes operations based on the desired destination of passengers. This system reduces waiting times, improves efficiency, and minimizes energy consumption.

  • Predictive Maintenance

These elevators employ sensors and data analytics to monitor the condition of critical components. This allows for proactive maintenance, as potential issues can be detected and addressed before they cause a breakdown. Predictive maintenance helps to improve elevator reliability and reduce downtime.

  • Energy Efficiency Features

Smart elevator systems are designed to be energy-efficient. They may include features such as regenerative drives, which capture and reuse energy generated during elevator operation, and power-saving modes that reduce power consumption during periods of low usage.

  • Elevator Control Unit (ECU)

The elevator control unit is a key component of a smart elevator system. It plays a crucial role in controlling and coordinating the elevator's operation, including floor selection, door control, and communication with other system components.

  • Access Control Systems

These elevators often incorporate advanced access control systems to enhance security and efficiency. This system includes technologies such as biometric authentication, keycards, or mobile apps to grant access to authorized individuals.

  • Internet Connectivity

Smart lifts are typically connected to the internet, allowing them to collect and exchange data with other devices and systems. This connectivity enables remote monitoring, data analysis, and integration with building management systems.

  • Human-Machine Interface (HMI)

These lifts come equipped with user-friendly interfaces that provide passengers with interface and control options. This can include touchscreens, voice commands, or mobile apps that allow users to select their destination or access additional services.

Exploring Novel Innovations in Smart Elevator Field

Smart lifts have witnessed several innovations in recent times, shaping their functionalities and enhancing their user experience.

1. Ultra-High-Speed Elevator

People desire efficient elevators that swiftly transport them to their desired floors, minimizing time wastage. Hyundai Elevators' innovation, 'THE EL', is a smart elevator system that offers a 5–18 meter per second speed. It features an advanced fault-tolerant system with 3-phase synchronous motors, allowing continuous operation even in case of failure. Its high-capacity hydraulic brake provides precise control, and the airtight car door system seals the entrance for noise insulation. This elevator has an aerodynamic capsule cage that minimizes air resistance, ensuring smooth riding. Additionally, the elevator features an advanced safety system with a ceramic emergency stop device, fly ball governor, and a 3-stage telescopic buffer for optimal safety at high speeds.

2. IoT-based Elevator Solution

Otis is a leading manufacturer and maintainer of people-moving products, such as elevators and escalators. It introduced its 'Otis ONE' IoT service platform at the World Elevator Expo.

This smart elevator technology integrates machine learning, IoT, and cloud technology into its elevator platform, OTISLINE. This innovative system allows for faster, more efficient service by transforming customer equipment data into predictive insights. Otis ONE features an innovative two-way video connection connecting the elevator car with OTISLINE, guaranteeing that passengers are never alone when assistance is required. This ensures that the equipment operates more frequently and provides prompt and secure service.

3. Cable-Free Smart Elevators

Have you ever imagined an elevator without cables? If not, then ThyssenKrupp has developed the world's first rope-less and sideways-moving elevator system, MULTI. The system offers multiple cabins operating in a loop, like a metro system. These smart elevator automation systems are typically manufactured using carbon fiber-reinforced plastic, which is powered by linear motors. These motors propel cabs in various directions, including forward and backward, up and down, and left or right on magnetic rails. These cable-free elevators save energy efficiently and lower carbon footprint impacts. The first fully functional unit was launched at its Rottweil, Germany, innovation test tower.

Quick Recap

Smart elevators have emerged as a revolutionary solution to the challenges faced by traditional elevator systems. With advanced technologies and smart features, these elevators have transformed the way we move within buildings. From destination dispatch systems that minimize waiting times to predictive maintenance that ensures reliability, smart elevators prioritize efficiency, convenience, and safety.

The integration of connectivity, energy efficiency, and access control systems further enhances the overall user experience. With the ability to communicate with other devices and systems, smart elevators seamlessly blend into the broader concept of smart buildings, creating a cohesive and interconnected environment.

As we continue to embrace technological advancements, smart elevators pave the way for a more sustainable future. By optimizing energy consumption and reducing maintenance downtime, they contribute to building efficiency and play a role in reducing our environmental impact by lowering carbon emissions.

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