Energy and Power

Landfill Gas Market Report Cover

Landfill Gas Market

Landfill Gas Market Report Cover

Landfill Gas Market Size, Share, Growth & Industry Analysis, By Application (Electricity Generation, Direct Use, Combined Heat & Power), By Technology (Gas Collection Systems, Gas Treatment), By Sector (Industrial, Commercial & Residential, Utilities) and Regional Analysis, 2024-2031

Author : Saket A.

Pages : 120

Base Year : 2023

Release : February 2024

Report ID: KR505

Landfill Gas Market Size

The global Landfill Gas Market size was valued at USD 1,624.2 million in 2023 and is projected to reach USD 3,459.1 million by 2031, growing at a CAGR of 10.06% from 2024 to 2031. In the scope of work, the report includes products offered by companies such as Waste Management, Inc., Veolia Environnement S.A., Republic Services, Inc., SUEZ, Covanta Holding Corporation, Wheelabrator Technologies Inc., Viridor (Part of Pennon Group), Waste Connections, Inc., Advanced Disposal Services, Inc., E.ON SE, and others.

The landfill gas market is experiencing dynamic growth and transformation driven by increasing environmental consciousness and the global shift toward renewable energy sources. With a rising focus on reducing greenhouse gas emissions and promoting sustainable energy solutions, market players are investing heavily in advanced extraction technologies and innovative utilization methods. The market dynamics are characterized by a strong emphasis on regulatory compliance, technological innovation, and strategic partnerships.

Key market players include waste management companies, energy producers, equipment manufacturers, and regulatory bodies. Waste management companies are at the forefront of landfill gas extraction, leveraging their expertise in waste disposal to implement efficient gas capture systems. Energy producers are investing in landfill gas-to-energy projects to diversify their energy portfolios and reduce their carbon footprint.

Equipment manufacturers are developing cutting-edge technologies for gas extraction and purification, thereby driving efficiency and cost-effectiveness in the landfill gas market. Regulatory bodies play a crucial role in shaping the market landscape through emissions reduction targets and renewable energy incentives.

Regionally, the market exhibits varying degrees of maturity and growth potential. Developed regions with stringent environmental regulations, such as North America and Western Europe, boast well-established markets with a focus on technological advancement and energy generation. Emerging economies in Asia-Pacific and Latin America are witnessing rapid growth in landfill gas initiatives, driven by increasing urbanization and environmental awareness.

Analyst’s Review

The current trajectory reflects a dynamic phase of growth and strategic transformation, fostered by a confluence of environmental imperatives and renewable energy trends. The landfill gas market's evolution is underscored by a commitment to technological innovation, regulatory compliance, and cross-sector partnerships, setting the stage for continued expansion and diversification within the global energy landscape.

Market Definition

The landfill gas market encompasses the dynamic economic ecosystem revolving around the extraction, processing, and utilization of gas generated from decomposing organic waste within landfills. This market is shaped by a combination of environmental, regulatory, and technological influences, and serves as a pivotal force in redefining the traditional perception of waste byproducts as valuable and sustainable resources.

Fundamentally, the market is centered on the collection and purification of methane and other gases generated during the anaerobic breakdown of organic materials within landfills. Advanced extraction systems are employed to capture and refine methane, a potent greenhouse gas, utilizing state-of-the-art technologies to make it available for diverse end-use applications. The market's momentum is underpinned by a dual commitment to environmental preservation and energy diversification.

Regulatory frameworks mandating the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and the promotion of renewable energy sources significantly shape the trajectory of the landfill gas industry. Industry stakeholders are actively involved in the conception and execution of landfill gas-to-energy initiatives, contributing not only to environmental mitigation but also to the generation of electricity and heat for commercial, industrial, and residential purposes.

Market Dynamics

The growing awareness of climate change and the rising need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions have prompted governments worldwide to implement stricter regulations on landfill gas management. For instance, the European Union's Landfill Directive sets targets for reducing biodegradable waste sent to landfills and requires member states to collect and treat landfill gas.

Similarly, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulates landfill gas emissions under the Clean Air Act, prompting landfill operators to invest in gas capture and utilization technologies. This regulatory landscape is a significant factor driving the growth of the landfill gas market, as compliance requirements incentivize the adoption of gas capture and utilization systems.

The global shift toward renewable energy sources, propelled by rising concerns over energy security, air pollution, and climate change, presents a lucrative opportunity for the landfill gas market development.

  • According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), renewable energy capacity additions are outpacing those of fossil fuels, with renewable sources accounting for nearly 90% of new electricity capacity additions globally.

Landfill gas, as a renewable energy source, aligns with this trend and offers a reliable and locally available source of electricity generation. As countries set ambitious targets for renewable energy deployment, the demand for landfill gas as a clean energy source is expected to increase, further bolstering market growth.

Despite the regulatory and environmental driving factors, the economic viability of landfill gas projects can be hindered by various factors. Fluctuations in energy prices, particularly natural gas prices, can impact the competitiveness of landfill gas-derived energy. Moreover, the high upfront capital costs associated with installing gas collection and treatment infrastructure, coupled with uncertainties in revenue streams from energy sales or carbon credits, pose financial challenges for project developers and investors.

In some cases, the availability of cheaper fossil fuel alternatives may discourage investment in landfill gas projects, especially in regions with abundant access to conventional energy sources.

Segmentation Analysis

The global market is segmented based on material type, end-use, and geography.

By Application

Based on application, the market is categorized into electricity generation, direct use, and combined heat and power. Direct use applications accounted for the largest landfill gas industry share of 35.95% in 2023. This dominance can be attributed to several factors such as the increasing focus on sustainable energy sources, which has propelled the adoption of landfill gas for direct use. Increasing utilization of landfill gas in heating and cooling applications in various industrial and commercial settings is supporting the growth of the segment.

Additionally, advancements in technology have enhanced the efficiency and reliability of direct utilization systems, making them more attractive to end-users. Moreover, stringent environmental regulations aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions have incentivized industries to harness landfill gas directly, thereby contributing to its market dominance.

By Technology

Based on technology, the landfill gas market is bifurcated into gas collection systems and gas treatments. Gas collection systems registered the highest revenue of USD 886.8 million in 2023. This dominance is primarily driven by the increasing emphasis on efficient gas extraction and management from landfills to mitigate environmental hazards and harness energy resources.

The growing number of landfill gas-to-energy projects worldwide has boosted the demand for advanced gas collection systems capable of effectively capturing and transporting landfill gases. Moreover, technological innovations in gas collection systems, including the development of sophisticated extraction techniques and monitoring tools, have enhanced their efficiency and reliability, thereby bolstering their prevalence in the market.

By Sector

Based on sector, the market is categorized into industrial, commercial & residential, and utilities. The industrial sector held the largest landfill gas market share of 38.50% in 2023. This dominance is underpinned by several compelling factors. Industries are increasingly recognizing the economic and environmental benefits of utilizing landfill gas as a renewable energy source to power their operations, thus driving its demand.

This trend is further fueled by volatile energy prices and the need for cost-effective and sustainable energy solutions. Additionally, stringent environmental regulations mandating the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions have incentivized industries to adopt landfill gas as a cleaner alternative to traditional fossil fuels.

Landfill Gas Market Regional Analysis

Based on region, the global market is classified into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, MEA, and Latin America.

Landfill Gas Market Size & Share, By Region, 2023-2030

The North America Landfill Gas Market share stood around 38.50% in 2023 in the global market, with a valuation of USD 625.3 million. In North America, the market is experiencing significant growth driven by stringent environmental regulations, increasing focus on renewable energy, and technological advancements in gas capture and utilization as a feedstock for clean energy.

The region boasts well-established regulatory frameworks, such as the U.S. EPA's Landfill Methane Outreach Program (LMOP), which promotes the development of landfill gas projects through technical assistance and financial incentives.

Additionally, policies such as the Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) implemented in several U.S. states mandate the inclusion of renewable energy sources, including landfill gas, into electricity generation portfolios, thereby fostering market growth. The growing demand for renewable energy and the availability of financial incentives, such as production tax credits and renewable energy certificates, are propelling investments in landfill gas projects across North America.

Moreover, the region's extensive network of landfills, particularly in densely populated areas, provides ample opportunities for gas capture and utilization, thereby supporting the expansion of the landfill gas market.

Europe emerged as a key market for landfill gas in 2023, driven by stringent waste management regulations, ambitious renewable energy targets, and a growing emphasis on circular economy principles. Europe accounted for the third-largest revenue in the market in 2023, totaling USD 352.4 million.

The European Union's Waste Framework Directive and Landfill Directive set strict targets for reducing landfilling of biodegradable waste and require member states to implement landfill gas collection and treatment measures. As a result, many European countries have invested extensively in advanced gas capture and utilization technologies, leading to the widespread adoption of landfill gas projects.

Furthermore, the continent's commitment to decarbonization, as outlined in the European Green Deal and the EU's Renewable Energy Directive, presents significant growth opportunities for the landfill gas market. Landfill gas, as a renewable energy source, aligns with Europe's transition to a low-carbon economy and can contribute to achieving the EU's goal of carbon neutrality by 2050.

Additionally, the development of carbon markets and emissions trading schemes in Europe provides additional revenue streams for landfill gas projects through the sale of carbon credits. This, in turn, enhances the incentives for market growth within the region.

Competitive Landscape

The global landfill gas market report will provide valuable insight with an emphasis on the fragmented nature of the industry. Prominent players are focusing on several key business strategies such as partnerships, mergers and acquisitions, product innovations, and joint ventures to expand their product portfolio and increase their market shares across different regions.

Strategic initiatives, including investments in R&D activities, the establishment of new manufacturing facilities, and supply chain optimization, could create new opportunities for the landfill gas industry growth.

List of Key Companies in Landfill Gas Market

Key Industry Developments

  • October 2023 (Acquisition & Expansion) - BP opened its first plant for processing renewable gas from landfills, marking a significant milestone since its acquisition of the largest U.S. biogas producer, Archaea Energy, in December 2022. The plant, located in Medora, Indiana, is capable of processing 3,200 cubic feet of landfill gas per minute (scfm) into renewable natural gas (RNG)
  • October 2023 (Expansion) - Infinis announced its latest investment in its engine fleet with the procurement of seven Microgen engines specifically designed for capturing landfill methane (CLM) at various sites. This strategic move allows Infinis to effectively operate and generate renewable electricity on smaller sites within their portfolio. The implementation of the Microgen engines is projected to increase renewable electricity production by up to 30% per site through enhanced efficiency in methane capture.

The Global Landfill Gas Market is Segmented as:

By Application

  • Electricity Generation
  • Direct Use
  • Combined Heat & Power

By Technology

  • Gas Collection Systems
  • Gas Treatment

By Sector

  • Industrial
  • Commercial & Residential
  • Utilities

By Region

  • North America
    • U.S.
    • Canada
    • Mexico
  • Europe
    • France
    • U.K.
    • Spain
    • Germany
    • Italy
    • Russia
    • Rest of Europe
  • Asia-Pacific
    • China
    • Japan
    • India
    • South Korea
    • Rest of Asia-Pacific
  • Middle East & Africa
    • GCC
    • North Africa
    • South Africa
    • Rest of Middle East & Africa
  • Latin America
    • Brazil
    • Argentina
    • Rest of Latin America.
  • Check Icon Additional Company Profiles
  • Check Icon Additional Countries
  • Check Icon Cross Segment Analysis
  • Check Icon Regional Market Dynamics
  • Check Icon Country-Level Trend Analysis
  • Check Icon Competitive Landscape Customization
  • Check Icon Extended Forecast Years
  • Check Icon Historical Data Up to 5 Years
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's)
The global market is projected to reach USD 1,624.1 million by 2031, growing at a CAGR of 10.06% from 2024 to 2031.
The global market was valued at USD 3,459.1 million in 2023.
The major driving factor for the market growth is the increasing waste disposal coupled with rising demand for renewable energy.
Top manufacturers of landfill gas are Waste Management, Inc., Veolia, Republic Services, Inc., SUEZ, Covanta Holding Corporation, Wheelabrator Technologies Inc., Viridor, Waste Connections, Inc., Advanced Disposal Services, Inc., E.ON SE, and others.
Asia-Pacific is the fastest growing region with the CAGR of 10.75% in the forecasted period (2024-2031) with the market value forecasted to reach at USD 1,005.9 million in 2031.
By application, direct use will hold the maximum share in the market with the revenue value of USD 1,093 million in 2031.
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