Electric Truck Market
Global Industry Analysis and Forecast 2023-2030
Market Value (2022)
USD 674.3 Million
Forecasted Value (2030)
USD 6460.9 Million
CAGR (2023 – 2030)
Fastest Growing Region (2023 - 2030)
Battery Electric Truck, Hybrid Electric Truck, Plug-In Hybrid Electric Truck, Fuel Cell Electric Truck
By Vehicle Type
Light-Duty Truck, Medium-Duty Truck, Heavy-Duty Truck
0-150 Miles, 151-300 Miles, Above 300 Miles
Logistics, Municipal, Construction, Mining, Others
The global Electric Truck Market was valued at USD 674.3 million in 2022 and is projected to reach USD 6460.9 million by 2030, growing at a CAGR of 32.66% from 2023 to 2030.
The electric truck market is proliferating owing to increasing government initiatives promoting zero-emission vehicles. Manufacturers are investing heavily in the production of electric vehicles to keep up with the growing demand for emission-free vehicles, which is contributing to market growth substantially. In addition, the government is also working on creating a sustainable charging infrastructure for electric vehicles. Regulatory initiatives such as tax credits, grants, and subsidies have created a favorable environment for the growth of the electric vehicle market and have been the driving force behind the market growth. As battery technology advances, electric trucks are expected to have superior range and advanced features, making them more attractive to businesses and fleet owners.
The rising fuel cost and the high cost of procuring vehicles restricts market growth. Electric trucks are generally more expensive to buy than diesel cars due to the high cost of battery technology. While the savings in fuel and maintenance costs can offset this initial investment in the long run, the higher upfront prices are still a barrier for some businesses. Charging time is another factor that challenges electric cars, especially in time-sensitive industries like logistics, which is impeding overall industry progress.
Analyst's Review on the Electric Truck Market
Electric trucks have witnessed significant advancements and innovations in recent years, driving their adoption and paving the way for a more sustainable transportation industry. These advances are focused on improving efficiency, range, charging infrastructure, and overall efficiency of vehicles. Manufacturers have invested in developing more efficient electric motors and optimizing battery technology to increase the driving capacity of electric trucks. Companies and governments are investing in deploying fast charging stations that can quickly charge electric truck batteries, reducing downtime and enabling efficient long-distance travel. Consumers are increasingly demanding sustainable and environmentally friendly products, including transportation services. Introducing electric cars allows companies to demonstrate their commitment to sustainability and attract environmentally conscious customers.
Electric trucks use batteries as their primary power source, usually stored in the vehicle, and can be charged using an external power source. The most essential benefit of electric trucks is their environmental sustainability. By eliminating emissions of greenhouse gases, they reduce air pollution and greenhouse gases, help combat climate change, and improve air quality. They also have lower maintenance costs than conventional trucks because they have fewer moving parts and don't require oil changes or regular tune-ups. Electric trucks drive silently, reducing noise pollution in urban areas and enabling quieter deliveries during peak hours. This can be particularly useful in noise-sensitive areas such as residential areas or hospitals. They often have regenerative braking technology that converts kinetic energy into electrical energy when decelerating. This energy is then stored in the battery, increasing the vehicle's overall efficiency and extending its range. Electric trucks are expected to offer even more features as technology advances, including longer driving ranges, faster charging times, and better payloads. These advances will further impel the adoption of electric cars and promote a more sustainable future for the transportation industry.
Electric trucks have gained popularity owing to the increasing number of government norms related to greenhouse gas emissions. Electric trucks have increased sales worldwide due to greater awareness about electric vehicles. Both developed and developing countries are encouraging people to purchase electric vehicles, offering tax incentives as an added incentive. Manufacturers are working to develop electric powertrains that can produce high torque and power, allowing electric vehicles to match or exceed the efficiency of their diesel counterparts. Electric trucks are expected to become more efficient as technology advances, with longer ranges and better performance.
The market growth is restricted by payload concerns as electric truck batteries are typically heavier than traditional fuel tanks, which can reduce the truck's payload. Such a reduction in carrying capacity may limit the amount of cargo or equipment that can be transported, affecting the efficiency and profitability of professional operations. In addition, the range limitations of these vehicles can also affect charging issues. The need for frequent charging or longer charging times can disrupt workflow and affect productivity. To address these issues, manufacturers and fleet operators are developing electric trucks with higher towing and loading capacities. Advances in battery technology, such as higher energy density and lighter materials, can help alleviate weight problems and increase payload. In addition, improvements in charging infrastructure, including fast charging options, can reduce downtime and improve the efficiency of these vehicles.
The global electric truck market is segmented based on propulsion, vehicle type, range, application, and geography.
Based on propulsion, the electric truck market is segmented into battery electric trucks, hybrid electric trucks, plug-in hybrid electric trucks, and fuel-cell electric trucks. The hybrid electric truck segment is experiencing significant growth due to mounting pressure to cut greenhouse gas emissions, and the surging demand for hybrid electric trucks. By combining an internal combustion engine with an electric motor, hybrid electric trucks provide an appealing alternative that reduces fuel consumption and pollution. Hybrid electric trucks often have higher fuel efficiency than their conventional equivalents, which results in considerable long-term cost savings. In addition, hybrid technology improvements have improved these trucks' dependability and functionality. Longer electric-only driving ranges enabled by advances in battery technology provide hybrid electric trucks an attractive option for a broader range of uses, such as urban deliveries and long-distance travel.
Based on vehicle type, the market is segmented into light-duty trucks, medium-duty trucks, and heavy-duty trucks. Light-duty trucks are the dominating segment due to evolving consumer preferences toward these vehicles because of their versatility and their design developments, which have enhanced the efficiency of these vehicles. These vehicles have become safer than ever due to the inclusion of cutting-edge driver assistance features, including collision mitigation and lane-keeping assistance.
Based on range, the electric truck market is classified into 0-150 miles, 151-300 miles, and above 300 miles. 0-150 miles is the largest segment. The soaring focus on urban delivery and short-haul transportation is driving the growth of the 0-150 miles segment in the electric truck industry. There is an enormous need for environmentally friendly logistics solutions in cities and metropolitan areas, where emissions limits are often stricter. Thus, many electric trucks in this category are built to operate in accordance with regulations. In addition, the lower range requirement is consistent with the daily mileage of many commercial vehicles, especially in sectors like last-mile delivery and local distribution. Electric vehicles ranging from 0 to 150 miles may quickly meet these operational needs daily and allow for overnight charging, eliminating the need for a significant charging infrastructure.
Based on application, the electric truck market is segregated into logistics, municipal, construction, mining, and others. The logistics segment is the dominant segment, which is expected to expand exponentially owing to the growing requirement for products that need to be efficiently transported, stored, and distributed, which has significantly increased due to the popularity of online shopping. The logistics industry has advanced due to this need since it is essential to facilitating the efficient flow of goods from suppliers to consumers.
Based on regional analysis, the global electric truck market is classified into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, MEA, and Latin America.
The electric truck market is proliferating across Europe owing to the emerging trend of the commercial truck industry and growing focus towards reducing emissions. Electric cars offer a promising solution to reduce the environmental impact of freight transport. The European Union has set ambitious targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, pushing governments and industries to strive for cleaner alternatives. The increasing availability of charging stations encourages fleet operators to consider electric trucks a viable option for their transportation needs. In addition, several European countries offer financial incentives, tax credits, and subsidies to encourage fleet companies to invest in electric vehicles. These incentives help offset the higher upfront costs of electric vehicles and make them more financially attractive for businesses, which is augmenting market growth across the region.
Asia Pacific is the dominating region driven by growing concerns of pollution and government policies and regulations, which play an essential role in promoting electric truck adoption in the region. Several countries in the Asia-Pacific region, such as China, Japan, and South Korea, have set ambitious targets and incentives to promote the transition to electric vehicles. These policies include subsidies, tax breaks, and stricter emissions standards to make electric trucks more financially attractive for fleet operators.
In addition, the development of charging infrastructure and availability of autonomous electric vehicles that improve efficiency, lower costs, and enhance safety, making them attractive to the region's transportation industry. The lower operating costs and maintenance requirements of electric trucks make them economically advantageous for drivers, propelling market growth. The availability of hybrid systems across the region integrated into truck designs improves these vehicles' overall performance and dependability, which is fostering the market outlook.
The global electric truck industry study will provide valuable insights emphasizing the fragmented nature of the global market. Prominent players focus on key business strategies, such as partnerships, mergers & acquisitions, product innovations, and joint ventures, to expand their product portfolio and increase their market shares across different regions. The major players in the electric truck market are:
- Volvo Group
- Nikola Corporation
- Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.
- Tata Motors Limited
- Ford Motor Company
- Paccar Company
- Volkswagen AG
- Daimler Truck AG
- BYD Company Ltd.
- September 2023 (Launch): Nikola Corporation launched the Nikola Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle, which has a range of up to 500 miles and an estimated fueling time of just 20 minutes. This truck has versatile applications ranging from vehicles and intermodal transport to city and smaller trucks for specific transport purposes.
- December 2022 (Expansion): Volvo Trucks expanded its range by introducing several new electric vehicles to the market, enabling the electrification of even more transport routes in cities and regions. The new electric rigid trucks handle various transport tasks with zero emissions and less noise, making it even easier for transport companies to deploy electric cars in urban and regional areas.
The global Electric Truck Market is segmented as:
- Battery Electric Truck
- Hybrid Electric Truck
- Plug-In Hybrid Electric Truck
- Fuel Cell Electric Truck
By Vehicle Type
- Light-Duty Truck
- Medium-Duty Truck
- Heavy-Duty Truck
- 0-150 miles
- 151-300 miles
- Above 300 miles
- North America
- Rest of Europe
- Asia Pacific
- South Korea
- Rest of Asia Pacific
- Middle East & Africa
- North Africa
- South Africa
- Rest of Middle East & Africa
- Latin America
- Rest of Latin America