Machinery Equipment-Construction


Cryogenic Control Valve: Unlocking Unparalleled Efficiency

Author : Priyanka | November 4, 2023

In the depths of freezing temperatures, where precision and control are the keys to success, there exists a stealthy protector - the cryogenic control valve. From the vast expanse of LNG plants to the intricate processes of manufacturing, these extraordinary valves emerge as the unsung hero, ensuring the safety, efficiency, and reliability of operations in the harshest of environments.

Let’s dive into a world, where a small valve takes control of extreme temperature environments.

What is a Cryogenic Control Valve?

A cryogenic control valve is a specialized type of valve designed to regulate the flow of liquids or gasses in cryogenic applications, where extremely low temperatures are involved.  It is also known as a “cryo” valve as it is used in very cold temperatures that are below -100°C. It is favored by companies that need greater control over the system’s operation, such as handling alternative fuels like LNG or CNG.

These valves are affordable and do not necessitate any specialized tools for installation. Nevertheless, they should be handled with care, as improper use may lead to the release of liquid nitrogen into the environment. Despite the possibility of danger, they are capable of precisely identifying pressure on the surface of the pipeline.

According to a recent report published by Kings Research, the cryogenic control valve market is likely to reach $5,587.7 million by 2030, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.69%.

Common Types of Cryogenic Control Valves

Cryogenic valves are essential components in industries that handle fluids at extremely low temperatures. Here are some of the commonly used types of cryogenic valves:

  • Cryogenic Ball Valves: These valves use a rotating ball with a bore to control the flow of cryogenic fluids. They provide excellent sealing and low-torque operation.
  • Cryogenic Butterfly Valves: Butterfly valves have a disc that rotates to regulate the flow of cryogenic fluids. They are compact, lightweight, and offer quick operation.
  • Cryogenic Gate Valves: These valves use a sliding gate mechanism to control the flow of cryogenic fluids. They provide a tight seal and low-pressure drop.
  • Cryogenic Globe Valves: These have a disc that moves perpendicular to the flow to regulate the fluid. They offer precise control and are suitable for throttling applications.
  • Cryogenic Relief Valves: These valves are designed to release excess pressure in cryogenic systems, ensuring safe operation and preventing overpressure situations.

Significant Applications of Cryogenic Control Valves

Some of the common industrial applications of these valves include:

  • Industrial Gas Processing Industry

Cryo valves are used in industrial gas processing plants for controlling the flow of liquefied gasses such as nitrogen, oxygen, argon, and hydrogen. These valves ensure precise control and safe operation in gas separation, purification, and liquefaction.

  • LNG (liquefied natural gas) Industry

Cryogenic control valves play a crucial role in LNG production, storage, and transportation. They are used in LNG terminals, liquefaction plants, and regasification facilities to control the flow of LNG at extremely low temperatures.

  • Petrochemical and Chemical Industries

Cryo control valves are crucial in petrochemical and chemical plants for handling cryogenic fluids in processes like distillation, refrigeration, and reaction control, ensuring efficient and reliable flow control in extreme temperatures.

  • Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Field

Cryogenic control valves are crucial in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries for precise control of cryogenic processes like cryopreservation, grinding, and storage.

  • Food and Beverage Industry

These values play a vital role in the precise controlling of cryogenic fluids, ensuring optimal temperature control for food preservation and processing.

  • Aerospace and Defense Sector

Cryo valves are crucial in aerospace and defense, regulating the flow of cryogenic propellants like oxygen and hydrogen for precise and reliable operation.

Top Leading Players in the Cryogenic Control Valve Industry

Numerous companies are at the forefront of cryo-control valves. Among these, top-tier companies stand out as industry leaders, including:

Velan Inc

Velan Inc., a renowned manufacturer of industrial cryogenic control valves, offers a wide range of cryogenic valves designed to withstand extreme temperature applications. Its comprehensive valve product lines include gate, globe, check, ball, and knife gate suitable for handling liquefied gasses such as oxygen, nitrogen, argon, natural gas, hydrogen, and helium.

Velan's cryogenic valves are meticulously designed to deliver dependable performance even in extreme temperatures as low as -425°F (-253.9°C). Renowned for their robustness, minimal fugitive emissions, and straightforward in-line maintenance, these valves assure an extended and reliable service life.


Cryostar is a well-established company that specializes in the design and manufacturing of cryogenic equipment. It offers a wide range of cryogenic products, including cryogenic control valves, reciprocating pumps, and LNG fuel dispensers.
Cryostar's cryo control valves are designed to provide precise control and reliable performance in extreme temperature environments. These innovative valves play a crucial role in regulating the flow of cryogenic fluids, ensuring safe and efficient operation in various applications. It also manufactures cryogenic reciprocating pumps, which are used for handling liquefied gasses.

L&T Valves Limited

L&T Valves Limited, a subsidiary of Larsen & Toubro, is a leading manufacturer of industrial valves, including cryo valves. It offers a range of cryogenic valves that comply with international standards and industry requirements. L&T Valves' cryogenic valves are designed to handle extreme temperatures and ensure efficient and safe operation in industries such as oil and gas, petrochemicals, electric power, and more.

Concluding Thoughts

The cryogenic control valve stands as a vital component in industries that rely on low-temperature processes and fluids. The precise control of cryogenic substance flow ensures the safety and effectiveness of operations in diverse fields such as gas processing, LNG production, pharmaceutical research, and aerospace exploration.

With its persistent reliability and performance in extreme cold conditions, the cryo valve plays a crucial role in advancing technology, preserving resources, and pushing the boundaries of what is possible. As industries continue to research and develop novel products, the cryo valve will remain an indispensable asset, safeguarding operations and enabling progress in the icy realms of industrial applications.

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